Trắc nghiệm tiếng anh 12 unit 7: Economic reforms (P1)

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Trắc nghiệm tiếng anh 12 unit 7: Economic reforms (P1)
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Câu hỏi và bài tập trắc nghiệm tiếng anh 12: Unit 7: Economic reforms (P1). Học sinh luyện tập bằng cách chọn đáp án của mình trong từng câu hỏi. Đề thi trắc nghiệm có đáp án trực quan sau khi chọn kết quả: nếu sai thì kết quả chọn sẽ hiển thị màu đỏ kèm theo kết quả đúng màu xanh. Chúc bạn làm bài thi tốt..

Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.

Câu 1:

  • a. economic
  • b. experience
  • c. entertainment
  • d. introduction

Câu 2:

  • a. achievement 
  • b. communist
  • c. constantly
  • d. government

Câu 3:

  • a. heavy
  • b. major
  • c. program
  • d. reform

Câu 4:

  • a. production
  • b. consumer
  • c. domestic
  • d. business

Câu 5:

  • a. hospital
  • b. inflation
  • c. policy
  • d. constantly

Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.

Câu 6: Economic reforms are often carried _____ to promote the developing of a country.

  • a. out
  • b. on
  • c. for
  • d. in

Câu 7: Being aware _____ the importance of economic reforms, the Vietnamese Communist Party initiated an overall economic reform policy.

  • a. for
  • b. at
  • c. of
  • d. in

Câu 8: For more than ten years, we have seen the significant ______ in the economy of our country.

  • a. develop
  • b. developments
  • c. developers
  • d. developed

Câu 9: Henry was a studious student. He needed no _____ to work hard.

  • a. encourage
  • b. encouraging
  • c. encouragement
  • d. encouraged

Câu 10: During the time of economic reforms, the economy has grown _____ with only a few major setbacks.

  • a. constant
  • b. constantly
  • c. constants
  • d. constancy

Câu 11: The ______ effect of the new policy is that the farmer is now working for himself, and not for the state sake.

  • a. legal
  • b. common
  • c. all
  • d. overall

Câu 12: Considering peasants make up nearly 80% of Vietnam’s population.

  • a. specialists
  • b. economists
  • c. professors
  • d. farmers

Câu 13: The Doi Moi reforms have ______ new possibilities in farming systems research in Vietnam.

  • a. risen
  • b. opened
  • c. renovated
  • d. called

Câu 14: The introduction of appropriate farming practices to Vietnam farmers can help them achieve a higher output.

  • a. productivity
  • b. renovation
  • c. guideline
  • d. achievement

Câu 15: This development project could be of great help to the _____ Vietnamese population.

  • a. major
  • b. living
  • c. rural
  • d. domestic

Câu 16: In the South, ______ development concentrated on rice cultivation, and nationally, rice and rubber were the main items of export.

  • a. industrial
  • b. agricultural
  • c. mining
  • d. textile

Câu 17: WTO accession also brings serious challenges, requiring Vietnam’s economic sectors to open ______ door to increased foreign competition.

  • a. a
  • b. an
  • c. the
  • d. Ø

Câu 18: The plan’s highest priority was to develop _____ agriculture.

  • a. a
  • b. an
  • c. the
  • d. Ø

Câu 19: Our new neighbors are quite nice _____ they are sometimes talkative.

  • a. despite
  • b. in spite of the fact
  • c. though
  • d. as though

Câu 20: ______of the difficulty, they managed to climb to the top of the mountain.

  • a. In spite
  • b. Despite
  • c. But
  • d. Although

Câu 21: In spite of his hard work, he could not finish the job.

  • a. As hard as he work
  • b. Despite he worked hard
  • c. Though he worked hard
  • d. Although hard work

Câu 22: He went to work despite his headache.

  • a. nevertheless 
  • b. due to
  • c. notwithstanding
  • d. because of

Câu 23: Despite _____ , we knew that he was guilty.

  • a. denied
  • b. denying
  • c. he denied
  • d. his denial

Câu 24: Despite the fact that _____, we enjoyed our trip.

  • a. the weather is bad
  • b. it is a bad weather
  • c. the bad weather
  • d. the weather was bad

Câu 25: Julie failed the exam _____ of working very hard.

  • a. despite
  • b. in spite
  • c. even if
  • d. though

Câu 26: Tom went to work despite _____.

  • a. that he did not feel very well
  • b. of the fact not feeling well
  • c. he did not feel very well
  • d. not feeling very well

Câu 27: Though _____, they are good friends.

  • a. their sometimes quarrel
  • b. to have a quarrel sometimes
  • c. they sometimes have a quarrel 
  • d. of having a quarrel sometimes

Câu 28: Despite _____ , we arrived on time.

  • a. the traffic
  • b. of the traffic
  • c. there was heavy traffic
  • d. of there was heavy traffic

Câu 29: John rarely sees Paul _____ they live in the same town.

  • a. notwithstanding
  • b. despite
  • c. in spite of
  • d. although

Câu 30: It was very cold _____ she did not put on her coat.

  • a. in case
  • b. but
  • c. even if
  • d. even though

Error Identification. 

Câu 31. The term economic reform refers to policies directing by the government to achieve improvements in economic efficiency.

  • a. refers to
  • b. directing
  • c. to achieve
  • d. in

Câu 32: Economic reform usually refers to actions of the government to improve efficiency in economy markets. 

  • a. usually
  • b. actions
  • c. to improve
  • d. economy

Câu 33: Economic reform has dominated Australian economic policy from the early 1980s until the end of the 20th century. 

  • a. has dominated
  • b. economic
  • c. the early
  • d. until

Câu 34: The goal of Chinese economic reform was to generating sufficient surplus value to finance the modernization of the mainland Chinese economy.

  • a. the goal
  • b. generating
  • c. value
  • d. modernization

Câu 35: Economic reforms started since 1986 in Vietnam have helped millions of people to be out of soverty and bringing the poverty rate down.

  • a. started
  • b. have helped
  • c. out of
  • d. bringing

Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.

In 1986 Vietnam launched a political and economic innovation campaign (Doi Moi) that introduced reforms intended to facilitate the transition from a centralized economy to a “socialist-oriented market economy.” Doi Moi combined government planning with free-market incentives. The program abolished agricultural collectives, removed price controls on agricultural goods, and enabled farmers to sell their goods in the marketplace. It encouraged the establishment of private businesses and foreign investment, including foreign-owned enterprises.

By the late 1990s, the success of the business and agricultural reforms ushered in under Doi Moi was evident. More than 30,000 private businesses had been created, and the economy was growing at an annual rate of more than 7 percent. From the early 1990s to 2005, poverty declined from about 50 percent to 29 percent of the population. However, progress varied geographically, with most prosperity concentrated in urban areas, particularly in and around Ho Chi Minh City. In general, rural areas also made progress, as rural households living in poverty declined from 66 percent of the total in 1993 to 36 percent in 2002. By contrast, concentrations of poverty remained in certain rural areas, particularly the northwest, north-central coast, and central highlands.

Government control of the economy and a nonconvertible currency have protected Vietnam from what could have been a more severe impact resulting from the East Asian financial crisis in 1997.

Câu 36: The Vietnamese Doi Moi campaign _____.

  • a. has not interfered with politics
  • b. has focused on centralized economy.
  • c. is not in favour of socialism.
  • d. came into being in 1986

Câu 37: From the content of the text, the readers can learn that _____.

  • a. Vietnam used to have agricultural collectives
  • b. there used to be many foreign-owned enterprises before 1986 in Vietnam
  • c. before 1986, the Vietnamese government did not control prices on agricultural goods
  • d. The Vietnamese Doi Moi campaign has not allowed foreign-owned enterprises

Câu 38: Which rate has decreased?

  • a. Poverty
  • b. Population
  • c. Economy
  • d. Business

Câu 39: The development in Vietnam, ____.

  • a. has been equal in every part of the country
  • b. has focused only on agriculture
  • c. is more prosperous in big cities than that in the countryside
  • d. is more prosperous in the countryside than that in big cities

Câu 40: According to the last paragraph, _______.

  • a. the Vietnamese government did nothing to overcome the East Asian financial crisis in 1997.
  • b. The Vietnamese economy was not affected by the East Asian financial crisis in 1997.
  • c. the Vietnamese government found it difficult to control the financial crisis.
  • d. the Vietnamese government could not protect the economy from the East Asian financial crisis in 1997

Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.

Vietnam’s economy expanded this year (2007) at the fastest pace since 1996, led by manufacturing and services, after the country (Câu 41) _____ the World Trade Organization.

Gross domestic product (GDP) increased 8.5 percent. Foreign direct (Câu 42) ______ jumped to more than $20 billion this year, from $12 billion in 2006. The government is quite (Câu 43) _____ to its economic reforms. Industry and construction account (Câu 44) _____ almost 42 percent of Vietnam’s GDP. Manufacturing grew 12.8 percent, construction increased 12 percent, and the hotel and restaurant (Câu 45) _____ expanded 12.7 percent, according to today’s release.

Going forward, Vietnam has a lot of (Câu 46) _____ for tourism, which expects Vietnam’s economy to expand 8.5 percent in 2008. Vietnam’s January (Câu 47) _____ to the World Trade Organization released it (Câu 48) ______U.S. quotas on textile exports and detailed market access to be given to overseas companies, helping economic (Câu 49) _____ The government is targeting economic expansion of about 9 percent next year. Vietnam is an economy with much development potential and (Câu 50) ____ attractive destination for international investors.

Câu 4:

  • a. struggled
  • b. organized
  • c. held
  • d. joined

Câu 42:

  • a. invest
  • b. investable
  • c. investment
  • d. investor

Câu 43:

  • a. committed
  • b. excited
  • c. called
  • d. encouraged

Câu 44:

  • a. over
  • b. for
  • c. at
  • d. in

Câu 45:

  • a. role
  • b. region
  • c. sector
  • d. section

Câu 46:

  • a. potential
  • b. private
  • c. stagnancy
  • d. exports

Câu 47:

  • a. walk
  • b. path
  • c. way
  • d. accession

Câu 48:

  • a. in
  • b. at
  • c. for
  • d. from

Câu 49:

  • a. grow
  • b. growth
  • c. grew
  • d. grown

Câu 50:

  • a.a
  • b. an
  • c. the
  • d. Ø