Trắc nghiệm tiếng anh 12 unit 7: Economic reforms (P2)

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Trắc nghiệm tiếng anh 12 unit 7: Economic reforms (P2)
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Câu hỏi và bài tập trắc nghiệm tiếng anh 12: Unit 7: Economic reforms (P2). Học sinh luyện tập bằng cách chọn đáp án của mình trong từng câu hỏi. Đề thi trắc nghiệm có đáp án trực quan sau khi chọn kết quả: nếu sai thì kết quả chọn sẽ hiển thị màu đỏ kèm theo kết quả đúng màu xanh. Chúc bạn làm bài thi tốt..

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.

Question 1:

  • a. economy
  • b. industry
  • c. qualify
  • d. priority

Question 2:

  • a. right
  • b. private
  • c. communist
  • d. minority

Question 3:

  • a. measure
  • b. subsidies
  • c. domestic
  • d. hospital

Question 4:

  • a. though
  • b. encourage
  • c. enough
  • d. country

Question 5:

  • a. improve
  • b. introduce
  • c. move
  • d. lose

Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.

Question 6: It is quite important ______ me to get on and think.

  • a. of
  • b. to
  • c. on
  • d. with 

Question 7: If you think you may be allergic to a food or drink, eliminate it ______ your diet.

  • a. for
  • b. without
  • c. from
  • d. on

Question 8: The new policies include cutting ______ subsidies and trade barriers.

  • a. agriculture
  • b. agricultural
  • c. agriculturalist
  • d. agriculturally

Question 9: The control of _____ has been carried out through measures rooted in monetarism.

  • a. inflate
  • b. inflationist
  • c. inflation
  • d. inflator

Question 10: It is often a good idea to start with small, easily ___ goals.

  • a. achieve
  • b. achievement 
  • c. achievable
  • d. achiever

Question 11: Economic reforms began in the Soviet Union in June 1980 by the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to _____ the Soviet economy.

  • a. repair
  • b. reproduce
  • c. restructure
  • d. reply

Question 12: After more than a decade of Doi Moi or economic, the Vietnamese Communist government has achieved diplomatic and economic ______,links with numerous foreign partners.

  • a. relation
  • b. investment
  • c. productivity
  • d. renovation

Question 13: For more than 20 years, the Vietnamese government has pursued the open-door ______ and continued to woo foreign investment.

  • a. policy
  • b. way
  • c. export
  • d. guideline

Question 14: After a decade of economic liberalization, Vietnam has seen a dramatic rise in living _____ in urban areas.

  • a. surface
  • b. standards
  • c. levels
  • d. backgrounds

Question 15: ______ laws and regulations which impose restrictions on any rights should be revised to comply with international law.

  • a. Domestic
  • b. Program
  • c. Encouraged
  • d. Expanding

Question 16: These new economic reforms have allowed for international _____ and development in the country.

  • a. pay
  • b. renovation
  • c. investment
  • d. opportunity

Question 17: In 2001 _______ Vietnamese Communist Party approved a 10-year economic plan that enhanced the role of the private sector while reaffirming the primacy of the state.

  • a. a
  • b. an
  • c. the
  • d. Ø

Question 18: It would also concomitantly attract foreign investment to Vietnam, not only from _____ U.S., but also from _____ Europe, Asia, and other regions,

  • a. Ø / the
  • b. the / the
  • c. Ø / an
  • d. the / Ø

Question 19: _____ some German and British management styles are similar, there are many differences between them.

  • a. In spite
  • b. In spite of
  • c. Despite the fact that
  • d. Despite

Question 20: I could not eat ______ I was very hungry.

  • a. even though
  • b. in spite
  • c. despite
  • d. in spite the fact that

Question 21: Inspite _______, the baseball game was not cancelled.

  • a. the rain
  • b. of the rain
  • c. it was raining
  • d. there was a rain

Question 22: _____ he had enough money, he refused to buy a new car.

  • a. In spite
  • b. In spite of
  • c. Despite
  • d. Although

Question 23: _____, he walked to the station.

  • a. Despite being tired
  • b. Although to be tired
  • c. In spite being tired
  • d. Despite tired

Question 24: The children slept well, despite _____.

  • a. it was noise
  • b. the noise
  • c. of the noise
  • d. noisy

Question 25. She left him _____ she still loved him.

  • a. even if
  • b. even though
  • c. in spite of
  • d. despite

Question 26: ______ her lack of hard work, she was promoted.

  • a. In spite
  • b. Even though
  • c. In spite of
  • d. Despite of

Question 27: _____ they are brothers, they do not look like.

  • a. Although
  • b. Even
  • c. Despite
  • d. In spite of 

Question 28: We are concerned with the problem of energy resources _______ we must also think of our environment.

  • a. despite
  • b. though
  • c. as though
  • d. but 

Question 29: _____ some Japanese women are successful in business, the majority of Japannese companies are run by men.

  • a. But
  • b. Even if
  • c. If
  • d. As though

Question 30: The teams played on in spite of the rain.

  • a. even if
  • b. if
  • c. in case
  • d. notwithstanding

Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one.

Question 31: Mary tried to keep calm although she was very disappointed.

  • a. Mary was too disappointed to keep calm.
  • b. Disappointed as she was, Mary tried to keep calm.
  • c. Mary lost her temper because of her disappointment.
  • d. Feeling disappointed, Mary tried to keep calm, but she failed. 

Question 32: Even though it was raining heavily, the explorers decided to continue their journey.

  • a. It rained so heavily that the explorers could not continue their journey.
  • b. The explorers put off their journey due to the heavy rain.
  • c. The heavy rain could not prevent the explorers from continuing their journey.
  • d. If it had rained heavily, the explorers would not have continued their journey.

Question 33: Despite his ability to do the job, he was not offered the position.

  • a. It was his ability that helped him do the job and get the position. 
  • b. Although he was able to do the job, but he was not offered the position.
  • c. He was not offered the position, regardless of his ability to do the job. 
  • d. If he had enough ability to do the job, he would be offered the position. 

Question 34: He had worked very hard but he failed. 

  • a. Hard as he worked, he failed. 
  • b. Thanks to his hard work, he failed. 
  • c. He did not succeeded because of his being hard working. 
  • d. Even though being hard working, he failed. 

Question 35: I did not answer the door even though I knew it was my friend.

  • a. Unless I knew it was my friend, I would not answer the door. 
  • b. I knew it was my friend, but I did not answer the door. 
  • c. Only when I answered the door did I knew it was my friend. 
  • d. I answered the door since I knew it was my friend. 

Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.

Vietnam is a densely-populated, developing country that in the last 30 years has had to recover from the ravages of war. Substantial progress was achieved from 1986 to 1997 in moving forward from an extremely low level of development and significantly reducing poverty. 

Since 2001, Vietnamese authorities have reaffirmed their commitment to economic liberalization and international integration. They have moved to implement the structural reforms needed to modernize the economy and to produce more competitive, export-driven industries.

Vietnam’s membership in the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) and entry into force of the US-Vietnam Bilateral Trade Agreement in December 2001 have led to even more rapid changes in Vietnam’s trade and economic regime. Vietnam’s exports to the US doubled in 2002 and again in 2003.

Vietnam joined the WTO (World Trade Organization) in January 2007, following over a decade long negotiation process. This should provide an important boost to the economy and should help to ensure the continuation of liberalizing reforms.

Vietnam is working to create jobs to meet the challenge of a labor force that is growing by more than one million people every year. Vietnamese authorities have tightened monetary and fiscal policies to stem high inflation. Hanoi is targeting an economic growth rate of 7.5-8% during the next five years.

Question 36: Vietnam’s economy is _____.

  • a. decreasing
  • b. facing crisis
  • c. developing
  • d. backward

Question 37. According to the text, Vietnam ______.

  • a. used to be well-developed before 1986
  • b. Vietnam is still in extreme poverty
  • c. could recover from the consequences of the war soon
  • d. has been modernizing the economy

Question 38: Vietnam _____.

  • a. does not export anything to the US
  • b. exported to the US in 2003 twice as much goods as in 2002
  • c. did not export goods to the US in 2002
  • d. did not export goods to the US in 2003

Question 39: The word This refers to ______.

  • a. Vietnam’s joining the WTO
  • b. the WTO
  • c. the negotiating process
  • d. the Vietnamese economy

Question 40: The word stem has a close meaning to _____.

  • a. succeed
  • b. stop
  • c. originate
  • d. increase

Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.

Economic issues have occupied people’s minds throughout the ages. Aristotle and Plato in ancient Greece wrote about problems of wealth, property, and (41) ____. Both of them were against commerce, feeling that to live by trade was undesirable. The Romans borrowed their economic ideas from the Greeks and showed the same contempt for trade.

During the Middle Ages, the economic ideas of the Roman (42) __commerce as inferior to agriculture. The development of modern nations during (43) _____ 16th century made many people to pay (44) ______ to the problem of increasing the wealth and (45) _____ of individuals. The economic policy of the leaders of that time was to (46) _____ national self-sufficiency. Gold and silver were regarded as an index of national power. Several powerful countries, such as England and Spain, were trying to expand their colonies and to (47) _____ the gold and silver mines from there. Many countries were always ready to plunge into a new war for gold and silver mines. It was necessary for a nation to keep wages low and the population large and growing.

A large, ill-paid population (48) ______ more goods to sell at low prices to foreigners. It also followed that the earlier that children began to work, the better it was for their country’s prosperity. One writer had a plan for children of the poor: “(49) _____ the children are four years old, they should be sent to the workhouse, taught to read two hours a day, and kept fully employed the rest of the time in any of the manufactures of the house which best suits their age, (50) ______ , and capacity.” 

Question 41:

  • a. medicine
  • b. philosophy
  • c. education
  • d. trade

Question 42:

  • a. regarded
  • b. chose
  • c. selected
  • d. wondered

Question 43:

  • a. a
  • b. an
  • c. the
  • d. Ø

Question 44:

  • a. attention
  • b. interest
  • c. showing
  • d. expression

Question 45:

  • a. power
  • b. powerful
  • c. powerfully
  • d. powered

Question 46:

  • a. rise
  • b. encourage
  • c. recover
  • d. pull

Question 47:

  • a. research
  • b. create
  • c. invent
  • d. exploit

Question 48:

  • a. invest
  • b. restructured
  • c. inflated
  • d. produced

Question 49:

  • a. While
  • b. When
  • c. Although
  • d. Since

Question 50:

  • a. standard
  • b. property
  • c. health
  • d. wealth